- 1 What is Codeine Phospate?
- 2 Codeine Phosphate Side Effects:
- 3 Codeine Phosphate Uses:
- 4 The Problem of Chronic Pain
- 5 Causes of Chronic Pain
- 6 How Does Codeine Work?
- 7 Things to Remember:
- 8 How Codeine should be taken:
What is Codeine Phospate?
Codeine Phospate is an opoid based medication effective in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. The chemical makeup and action is similar to that of morphine although not as strong. It is also used to treat diarrhoea as well as a dry or unproductive cough. It is often recommended when milder painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen have not provided relief.
It functions by attaching to opoid receptors in the central nervous system and effectively blocks the signals coming into the CNS so that pain is not experienced or at least greatly reduced. It also has sedating effects and aids in relaxation.
Codeine Phosphate Side Effects:
Common side effects:
- Abdominal cramps
- Feelings of mild euphoria
Less common side effects:
- Low blood pressure
- Skin Rash
- Reduced appetite
- Dry mouth
Rare side effects:
- Reduced pulse rate
- Sleeping difficulties
At normal doses codeine rarely produces side effects. If any are noted, consult a doctor immediately.
Codeine Phosphate Uses:
Codeine is effective for the treatment and relief of the following:
- Codeine phosphate for pain relief
- Codeine phosphate for fibromyalgia
- Codeine phosphate for fever
- Codeine phosphate for earache
- Codeine phosphate for headache
Codeine Versus Other Pain Medication:
|Drug Name||Used For||Pain Level (Moderate to High)|
|Codeine|| Pain, dry cough,diarrhea|
|Mild to moderate|
|Methadone||Paid, drug withdrawal||Chronic to acute|
|Hemihydrate||Pain||Moderate to severe|
|Tylenol 3||Pain||Moderate to severe|
|Ibuprofen||Pain, fever, inflammation||Mild to moderate|
The Problem of Chronic Pain
The definition of chronic pain has been given many interpretations by experts worldwide. Some describe it using the length of time pain is experienced. Acute pain is categorized as occurring between 1 to 6 months, whereas chronic pain can persist more than 6 months. A different definition describes chronic pain as pain experienced beyond the expected time for recuperation.
Another reason for the much discussion on its definition are the reports of the people who have it or claim to have it. A recent study on chronic pain in various countries shows that people who experience it ranges from 10.1% to 55.2% of the country’s population.
There are various classifications of chronic pain. Most are felt on muscle tissues around the joints and specific muscle groups throughout the body.
Many infantry soldiers are known to experience permanent chronic pain due to the weight of the equipment they carry during operations. Equipment, bags, and supplies usually sum up to 140lbs to 150lbs altogether. Carrying this much weight daily for years can do permanent damage to muscle tissues and joints. This results in lifelong chronic pain aside from the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) commonly experienced by men that did military service.
Causes of Chronic Pain
Occupational hazards are considered to be the leading cause of chronic pain. Programmers, clerks, and secretaries who are exposed to prolonged computer use can experience variations of carpal tunnel syndrome, some of which, never heals. Extended use of the mouse and keyboard can cause chronic pain to joints and nerves starting from the fingers up to the neck. Some even experience pain on their back, their shoulders, and even on their knees.
Another possible cause of chronic pain is a person’s weight. An example is when the rest of the body is not quick enough to adapt to the quick addition of body weight. Overweight people can suffer from plantar fasciitis or the inflammation of the muscles on the heel.
Some people think chronic pain is not true but people who have been hit by said illness can confirm that it’s not to be taken lightly. Symptoms of chronic pain can be distinguished as a feeling of numbing or stabbing pain on a specific location on the body. Pain occurs frequently on the specific location and persists for prolonged periods of time.
Pain eventually becomes intense and over the counter painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen won’t do the job. A more potent medicine such as Codeine is often prescribed by doctors. When ingested, Codeine functions similar to hydrocodone with the body converting a small portion of Codeine into morphine. Similar to other pain inhibitors, Codeine blocks pain receptors from transmitting the sensation of pain throughout the body and to the brain.
Physicians usually partner Codeine with Tylenol (acetaminophen) or aspirin in their prescription in order to ease pain more efficiently. Codeine can be legally used as it has approval from FDA.
How Does Codeine Work?
Codeine is used for treating mild to moderate pain. The drug is an opiate and belongs to the family of opioid pain relievers. Codeine is prescribed as a stronger alternative to painkillers like paracetamol and ibuprofen.
The drug works by attaching itself to opioid receptors found in the central nervous system which includes the brain and the spinal cord. Attached to the receptors, they block the transmission of the sensation of pain, relieving the patient’s reaction to it.
Codeine can be found as drug compound. Its pure form, however, requires a prescription before it can be purchased.
Things to Remember:
Present medical condition should be strongly taken into account before taking this drug. Consult your physician first before taking this drug if you have the following conditions:
- Pregnant or suspected to be pregnant
- Breast Feeding
- Have Liver Problems
- Have Kidney Problems
- Have Epilepsy
- Have gallstone problems
- Suffered a severe head injury
- Currently on medication
- Have a history of alcohol or drug addiction
How Codeine should be taken:
Patients should strictly follow the doctor’s prescription to avoid overdose or any other severe drug reactions. The common dosage is 30mg to 60mg to be taken once every 4 hours and should be taken on a full stomach. Take note that the maximum daily dose for Codeine is 240mg only.
Some people can have allergic reactions to Codeine and display codeine side effects and other symptoms. Symptoms include drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, and shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, sweating, constipation, itching, or rash.
More severe side effects include seizures, confusion, near-fainting, slow heart rate and shallow breathing.
Codeine intake is not meant for long-term use. It may cause addiction and drug dependency. Withdrawal symptoms may be experienced which is the reason why slowly stopping drug intake is advised.
Codeine Phosphate Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):
There are a lot of questions about Co-codamol so we decided to share the most frequently asked questions below. Should you have additional questions or concerns, feel free to contact our live support or get in touch via phone or email.
What is stronger co-codamol or codeine Phosphate?
Co-Codamol combines paracetamol and codeine whereas codeine phosphate is only codeine. Therefore Co-Codamol ir generally more effective in most patients.
What’s in codeine phosphate?
Codeine phosphate consists of codeine, lactose and sucrose.
When to stop taking codeine phosphate?
Never exceed recommended dosage. Discontinue use and consult a doctor if side effects occur.
How much codeine phosphate can i take?
The recommended dose is 15 mg – 60 mg up to 6 times in 24 hours. a day for the relief of pain. If these doses fail to relieve pain, larger doses rarely succeed and may give rise to restlessness and excitement. The maximum recommended daily dose is 300 mg. For non-productive cough the usual dose is 10 mg – 20 mg every 4-6 hours to a maximum total of 120 mg in 24 hours.
Why is codeine addictive?
As with other opiates, codeine can become addictive. It releases neurotransmitters that activate the brains reward center resulting in feelings of pleasure and relaxation. This can lead to dependency of both a physical and psychological nature.